Pennsylvania is a great place to grow garlic, due to its temperate climate and rich soil. Whether you’re an experienced gardener or a novice, you can grow delicious garlic in Pennsylvania. Here’s everything you need to know about when and how to plant garlic in Pennsylvania.
Ohio’s USDA Hardiness Zones
Pennsylvania is divided into four USDA Hardiness zones: 4a, 4b, 5a and 5b. In general, the colder the winter, the later you should plant garlic. Zone 4a typically experiences the coldest temperatures, with Zone 5b experiencing the warmest. Zone 4a should plant garlic in late April or early May, while Zone 5b can plant as early as mid-March.
Additional Resource: Find your growing zone in Pennsylvania
Spring Planting Garlic in Pennsylvania
Spring is the best time to plant garlic in Pennsylvania. Aim to plant your garlic cloves 4-6 weeks before the last frost. This will give the garlic time to establish its roots before the cold weather hits. Make sure to plant the cloves a few inches deep in well-draining soil. Also, make sure to space each clove at least 4 inches apart.
Fall Planting Garlic in Pennsylvania
Some gardeners plant garlic in the fall to give the bulbs time to acclimate and grow roots before the winter. Fall planting is a bit trickier, as the ground must be warm enough for the cloves to begin to root. If you’re planting garlic in the fall, aim for 4-5 weeks before the first frost. This will give the garlic enough time to take root before the cold weather hits.
When to Harvest
Garlic should be harvested when the leaves turn brown and begin to dry out. This usually happens around late July or early August. To harvest the garlic, carefully dig around the bulb with a shovel or trowel. Carefully pull the bulb out of the ground, making sure not to damage the cloves.
How to Care For Garlic Plants
Garlic needs plenty of warmth, water and sunlight to thrive. Make sure to water the garlic regularly and keep the soil moist, but not soggy. Also, make sure to keep the soil free of weeds, as they can compete with garlic for nutrients and water. Finally, make sure to keep the garlic watered throughout the winter months. This will help the garlic survive the cold temperatures and produce strong, healthy bulbs.
Growing garlic in Pennsylvania can be a rewarding experience. With the proper knowledge and care, you can have delicious garlic to enjoy for months to come.