The 10 Best Potatoes To Grow In New York

Welcome to our comprehensive guide on the best potatoes to grow in New York! As a gardening expert, I am here to help you navigate the wonderful world of potato cultivation in the Empire State. New York’s diverse climate and fertile soil make it an ideal location for growing a wide variety of potatoes.

Whether you are an experienced gardener or a beginner, this article will provide you with valuable insights into the best potato varieties that thrive in New York’s unique growing conditions. So, let’s dig in and discover the perfect potatoes to cultivate in your New York garden!

The best potatoes to grow in New York

When it comes to growing potatoes in New York, choosing the right variety is essential for a successful harvest. The climate and growing conditions in New York can vary, so it’s important to select potato varieties that are well-suited to the region. Here are ten best potatoes to grow in New York:

  1. Yukon Gold: Known for its smooth, golden flesh and buttery flavor, Yukon Gold is a popular choice among gardeners in New York. It performs well in the state’s cooler temperatures and is versatile in the kitchen.
  2. Kennebec: This all-purpose potato variety is highly adaptable and thrives in New York’s climate. It produces high yields of large, white tubers that are perfect for baking, boiling, or frying.
  3. Adirondack Blue: If you’re looking to add some color to your potato harvest, Adirondack Blue is an excellent choice. With vibrant blue-purple skin and a moist, flavorful flesh, it’s a unique and visually appealing variety.
  4. Red Norland: A favorite among gardeners in New York, Red Norland is an early-maturing potato that produces smooth, red-skinned tubers. It has a waxy texture, making it ideal for boiling, roasting, or using in salads.
  5. Carola: This yellow-fleshed potato variety is well-suited to New York’s growing conditions. Carola offers a rich, buttery flavor and a creamy texture, making it perfect for mashing or baking.
  6. Dark Red Norland: Similar to Red Norland, Dark Red Norland is an early-maturing variety that produces red-skinned potatoes. It has a slightly deeper red color and offers excellent flavor and texture.
  7. German Butterball: With its golden skin and buttery, creamy flesh, German Butterball is a popular choice for New York gardeners. It’s a versatile potato that can be used for baking, mashing, or frying.
  8. Purple Majesty: Another visually striking variety, Purple Majesty has deep purple skin and vibrant purple flesh. It’s not only eye-catching but also offers a rich, nutty flavor that is perfect for roasting or grilling.
  9. Russet Burbank: Known for its high starch content and excellent baking qualities, Russet Burbank is a reliable choice for New York gardeners. It produces large, oblong tubers with a fluffy texture when cooked.
  10. All Blue: As the name suggests, All Blue potatoes have striking blue skin and blue flesh. They offer a slightly nutty flavor and are great for mashing, roasting, or making colorful potato chips.

By selecting from these best potatoes to grow in New York, you can ensure a bountiful harvest and enjoy a variety of flavors, textures, and colors in your potato dishes.

Avoid growing these potatoes in New York

When it comes to growing potatoes in New York, it is important to choose the right varieties that are well-suited to the region’s climate and growing conditions. While there are many excellent potato varieties to choose from, there are also some that may not perform as well in New York’s specific environment. Here are ten potato varieties that are best to avoid when growing potatoes in New York:

  1. Yukon Gold: Although Yukon Gold is a popular variety, it tends to struggle in New York’s humid summers and can be susceptible to diseases like late blight.
  2. Red Pontiac: This variety is known for its vibrant red skin and white flesh, but it can be prone to scab, a common potato disease in New York.
  3. Russet Burbank: While Russet Burbank is a widely grown variety, it requires a longer growing season than what New York typically offers, making it challenging to cultivate.
  4. German Butterball: This variety is susceptible to late blight and may struggle to produce a good yield in New York’s climate.
  5. Kennebec: Kennebec potatoes are prone to scab and may not thrive in New York’s soil conditions, which can be acidic in some areas.
  6. Purple Majesty: Although visually striking with its deep purple skin and flesh, Purple Majesty can be challenging to grow in New York due to its susceptibility to diseases like late blight.
  7. All Blue: Similar to Purple Majesty, All Blue potatoes have a vibrant blue skin and flesh but may struggle with disease resistance in New York.
  8. Irish Cobbler: This variety is known for its early maturity, but it can be susceptible to diseases like late blight and scab in New York’s climate.
  9. La Ratte: While La Ratte is a gourmet fingerling potato, it may not perform well in New York’s humid conditions and can be prone to diseases.
  10. Bintje: Bintje potatoes, although popular in some regions, may not be the best choice for New York as they require a longer growing season and can be susceptible to diseases.

By avoiding these potato varieties and opting for ones that are better suited to New York’s climate and growing conditions, gardeners can increase their chances of a successful potato harvest.

Potato growing tips for New York

When it comes to growing potatoes in New York, there are a few tips and best practices that can help you achieve a successful harvest. Here are some key points to keep in mind:

  1. Select the right potato variety: Choosing the best potatoes to grow in New York is crucial for a successful harvest. Varieties that perform well in this region include Yukon Gold, Kennebec, Norland, and Adirondack Blue. These varieties are known for their adaptability to the local climate and soil conditions.
  2. Prepare the soil: Potatoes thrive in well-drained, loose soil with a pH level between 5.0 and 6.0. Before planting, amend the soil with organic matter like compost or aged manure to improve its fertility and drainage. Remove any rocks or debris that may hinder tuber development.
  3. Planting time: In New York, it’s best to plant potatoes in early spring, once the soil temperature reaches around 45°F (7°C). This usually occurs between late March and early May, depending on your specific location. Planting too early can result in slow growth, while planting too late may expose the plants to hot summer temperatures, affecting tuber development.
  4. Proper spacing: Give your potato plants enough space to grow and spread their foliage. Plant seed potatoes (small whole potatoes or cut pieces with at least two eyes) about 10 to 12 inches apart in rows that are spaced 2 to 3 feet apart. This spacing allows for good air circulation, reducing the risk of diseases.
  5. Hilling and mulching: As your potato plants grow, regularly hill up soil around the base of the plants to encourage tuber formation and protect them from sunlight. This process involves piling soil around the stems, leaving only the top few inches exposed. Additionally, mulching with straw or organic mulch helps conserve moisture, suppress weeds, and maintain a more consistent soil temperature.
  6. Watering and fertilizing: Potatoes require consistent moisture throughout the growing season, especially during tuber formation. Aim to keep the soil evenly moist, but not waterlogged. Irrigate deeply once or twice a week, depending on rainfall. Applying a balanced organic fertilizer at planting time and side-dressing with nitrogen-rich fertilizer when the plants are about 6 inches tall can provide the necessary nutrients for healthy growth.
  7. Pest and disease management: Keep an eye out for common potato pests such as Colorado potato beetles and aphids. Regularly inspect your plants and handpick any pests you find. Applying organic insecticides or using companion planting techniques, such as planting marigolds or basil nearby, can help deter pests. Additionally, rotating your potato crop yearly and practicing good garden hygiene can reduce the risk of diseases like late blight and scab.

By following these tips and best practices, you can maximize your potato yield and enjoy a bountiful harvest of the best potatoes to grow in New York. Happy gardening!

Cody Medina
Small Scale Farmer
Hi there! I'm Cody, a staff writer here at The Garden Magazine and a small-scale farmer living in Oregon. I've been gardening most of my life and now live on a quarter-acre farmstead with chickens, ducks, and a big garden.