potatoes

The 10 Best Potatoes To Grow In New Mexico

Welcome to our comprehensive guide on the best potatoes to grow in New Mexico! As a gardening expert with specific knowledge of potato cultivation, I am excited to share valuable insights on selecting the perfect potato varieties for the unique climate and growing conditions of the Land of Enchantment. New Mexico’s high elevation, arid climate, and intense sunlight present both challenges and opportunities for potato growers.

By choosing the right potato varieties that are well-suited to this region, you can enjoy a bountiful harvest of delicious and nutritious tubers. Join me as we explore the top potato varieties that thrive in New Mexico’s diverse landscapes and discover tips and tricks for successful potato cultivation in this remarkable state.

The best potatoes to grow in New Mexico

Best Potatoes to Grow in New Mexico When it comes to growing potatoes in New Mexico, selecting the right variety is crucial for a successful harvest. The high desert climate and unique growing conditions of the region require potato varieties that can thrive in hot, dry summers and cool winters. Here are ten potato varieties that are well-suited for New Mexico’s growing conditions:

  1. Yukon Gold: Known for its smooth, golden-yellow flesh and buttery flavor, Yukon Gold is a popular choice for New Mexico gardeners. It performs well in both cool and warm climates, making it ideal for the state’s fluctuating temperatures.
  2. Red Pontiac: This variety is prized for its vibrant red skin and excellent flavor. Red Pontiac potatoes are versatile and can be used for boiling, baking, or frying. They are also known for their high yields, making them a reliable choice for New Mexico gardeners.
  3. Russet Burbank: A classic potato variety, Russet Burbank is known for its large size and starchy texture. These potatoes are perfect for baking, mashing, or making French fries. While they require ample water, they can thrive in New Mexico with proper irrigation.
  4. Purple Majesty: With its striking purple skin and vibrant purple flesh, Purple Majesty is not only visually appealing but also packed with antioxidants. This variety is well-suited for New Mexico’s climate and can be used in various culinary applications.
  5. Kennebec: Kennebec potatoes are known for their smooth skin, white flesh, and excellent storage capabilities. They have a versatile texture that works well for boiling, baking, or frying. This variety is a reliable choice for New Mexico gardeners seeking a high-yielding potato.
  6. German Butterball: As the name suggests, German Butterball potatoes have a rich, buttery flavor that makes them perfect for mashing or roasting. They have a thin, golden skin and a creamy, yellow flesh. This variety is well-adapted to New Mexico’s growing conditions.
  7. All Blue: True to its name, All Blue potatoes have a vibrant blue skin and flesh. They are visually striking and can add a unique touch to any dish. All Blue potatoes are versatile and can be boiled, mashed, or roasted.
  8. Yukon Gem: Developed specifically for the Southwest region, Yukon Gem potatoes are well-suited for New Mexico’s climate. They have a smooth, golden skin and a creamy texture that works well for mashing or baking.
  9. Adirondack Blue: Another blue-skinned variety, Adirondack Blue potatoes have a deep purple flesh that retains its color even after cooking. They are perfect for adding a pop of color to salads or side dishes. Adirondack Blue potatoes can thrive in New Mexico’s arid conditions.
  10. French Fingerling: This gourmet variety is known for its elongated shape, pink skin, and yellow flesh. French Fingerling potatoes have a nutty flavor and a creamy texture. They are well-suited for roasting or boiling and can be a unique addition to any New Mexico garden.

When selecting potato varieties for your New Mexico garden, consider factors such as flavor, texture, yield, and adaptability to the region’s climate. By choosing the best potatoes to grow in New Mexico, you can enjoy a bountiful harvest of delicious tubers that thrive in the unique conditions of the state.

Avoid growing these potatoes in New Mexico

When it comes to growing potatoes in New Mexico, it is important to choose varieties that are well-suited to the region’s unique climate and growing conditions. While there are several potato varieties that thrive in New Mexico, there are also some varieties that should be avoided due to their specific requirements or susceptibility to certain pests and diseases. Here are ten potato varieties that are not recommended for growing in New Mexico:

  1. Yukon Gold: Although Yukon Gold potatoes are popular in many regions, they are not the best potatoes to grow in New Mexico. They require cooler temperatures and more moisture than what the arid New Mexico climate can provide.
  2. Red Pontiac: This variety is susceptible to various potato diseases, including late blight, which can be a significant problem in New Mexico’s hot and dry conditions.
  3. Kennebec: Kennebec potatoes are prone to scab, a common disease in New Mexico’s alkaline soils. This variety may not yield satisfactory results in this region.
  4. Russet Burbank: While Russet Burbank potatoes are widely grown in other areas, they are not recommended for New Mexico due to their high water requirements and susceptibility to diseases like early blight.
  5. German Butterball: This variety prefers cooler climates and may not produce well in New Mexico’s hot summers. It is also susceptible to scab and other diseases common in the region.
  6. All Blue: All Blue potatoes have a unique blue flesh and skin, but they are not well-suited to New Mexico’s growing conditions. They require more moisture and cooler temperatures than what the region typically offers.
  7. Purple Majesty: Similar to All Blue potatoes, Purple Majesty potatoes have vibrant purple flesh and skin. However, they are not recommended for New Mexico due to their high water needs and susceptibility to diseases.
  8. French Fingerling: This variety requires a longer growing season and cooler temperatures than what New Mexico can provide. It may not reach its full potential in the region.
  9. Yellow Finn: Yellow Finn potatoes are better suited to cooler and more humid climates. They may struggle to produce well in New Mexico’s arid conditions.
  10. Bintje: Bintje potatoes are prone to scab and other diseases common in New Mexico. They may not yield satisfactory results in the region’s alkaline soils.

When selecting potato varieties for your New Mexico garden, it is crucial to choose those that are known to perform well in the region’s specific climate and growing conditions. By avoiding these varieties that are not well-suited to New Mexico, you can increase your chances of a successful potato harvest.

Potato growing tips for New Mexico

Growing potatoes in New Mexico can be a rewarding experience, as the state’s climate and soil conditions are suitable for cultivating this versatile vegetable. To ensure a successful potato harvest, here are some tips and best practices to follow:

  1. Choose the right potato variety: When selecting potato varieties to grow in New Mexico, opt for those that are well-suited to the region’s climate and soil conditions. Some of the best potatoes to grow in New Mexico include Yukon Gold, Kennebec, Red Pontiac, and Russet Burbank. These varieties are known for their adaptability to various growing conditions and their ability to produce high yields.
  2. Prepare the soil: Potatoes thrive in loose, well-draining soil with a pH level between 5.0 and 6.0. Before planting, amend the soil with organic matter such as compost or well-rotted manure to improve its fertility and drainage. Remove any rocks or debris that may hinder tuber development.
  3. Planting time: In New Mexico, it is best to plant potatoes in early spring, around mid-March to early April, depending on your specific location and elevation. This timing allows the tubers to develop before the summer heat arrives. However, if you live in higher elevations, you may need to adjust the planting time accordingly.
  4. Planting method: Potatoes can be planted using various methods, but the most common approach is to plant them in trenches or mounds. Dig trenches or create mounds about 6 inches deep and 12-18 inches apart. Place the seed potatoes, with the eyes facing up, about 12 inches apart in the trenches or on top of the mounds. Cover them with 2-3 inches of soil.
  5. Watering: Potatoes require consistent moisture throughout their growing season. Water the plants deeply, providing about 1-2 inches of water per week. However, be cautious not to overwater, as excessive moisture can lead to rotting. Mulching around the plants can help retain soil moisture and regulate soil temperature.
  6. Fertilization: Prior to planting, incorporate a balanced fertilizer into the soil to provide essential nutrients. Additionally, side-dress the plants with nitrogen-rich fertilizer when they reach about 6-8 inches in height. This will support healthy foliage growth and tuber development.
  7. Pest and disease management: Keep an eye out for common potato pests such as Colorado potato beetles and aphids. Regularly inspect the plants and remove any pests by hand or use organic insecticides if necessary. To prevent diseases like late blight, practice crop rotation, and avoid planting potatoes in the same spot for consecutive years.
  8. Harvesting: Potatoes are typically ready for harvest when the foliage turns yellow and begins to die back. Gently dig around the plants to unearth the tubers. Avoid damaging the potatoes during harvest, as any cuts or bruises can lead to rotting during storage.

By following these tips and best practices, you can grow the best potatoes in New Mexico and enjoy a bountiful harvest of this delicious and versatile vegetable.

Cody Medina
Small Scale Farmer
Hi there! I'm Cody, a staff writer here at The Garden Magazine and a small-scale farmer living in Oregon. I've been gardening most of my life and now live on a quarter-acre farmstead with chickens, ducks, and a big garden.