mazzard cherry flowers

Tartarian Cherry Planting, Care, & Propagation Guide.

Welcome to the world of Tartarian Cherry trees! If you have a passion for gardening and a desire to cultivate a fruitful and beautiful tree, then you have come to the right place. Tartarian Cherry trees, scientifically known as Prunus fruticosa, are a delightful addition to any garden or orchard. With their stunning blossoms in spring and abundant harvest of delicious cherries in summer, these trees offer both aesthetic appeal and a bountiful yield.

In this article, we will explore the various aspects of growing Tartarian Cherry trees, including the ideal growing conditions, planting and care tips, as well as common challenges and solutions. Whether you are a seasoned gardener or a beginner, this comprehensive guide will equip you with the knowledge and skills to successfully grow and enjoy the fruits of your own Tartarian Cherry tree.

What is a Tartarian Cherry?

Tartarian Cherry, scientifically known as Prunus fruticosa ‘Tartariana’, is a deciduous fruit tree that belongs to the Rosaceae family. It is a variety of cherry tree that is primarily grown for its delicious and tart cherries. The Tartarian Cherry tree typically reaches a height of 10 to 15 feet (3 to 4.5 meters) and has a spreading habit, with a similar width. It has a rounded crown and attractive, dark green foliage that turns vibrant shades of yellow and orange in the fall.

The tree produces small, fragrant white flowers in spring, which are followed by clusters of bright red cherries in early summer. The cherries of the Tartarian Cherry tree are known for their tart flavor, making them ideal for culinary purposes such as jams, jellies, pies, and preserves. They are also enjoyed fresh, although some people may find them too sour for direct consumption. The fruit is typically ready for harvest in late spring or early summer, depending on the climate.

Tartarian Cherry trees are relatively easy to grow and are adaptable to a wide range of soil types. They prefer full sun exposure and well-draining soil. These trees are also known for their cold hardiness, making them suitable for growing in temperate regions. Pruning is essential to maintain the health and shape of the Tartarian Cherry tree. Regular pruning helps promote airflow, reduce disease susceptibility, and improve fruit production.

It is recommended to prune during the dormant season to avoid interfering with the tree’s growth and fruiting. Overall, the Tartarian Cherry tree is a popular choice for home gardeners and orchard growers alike, thanks to its tasty and tart cherries, attractive appearance, and relatively easy cultivation requirements.

What does a Tartarian Cherry taste like?

Tartarian cherries, also known as Prunus avium ‘Tartarian’, are a popular variety of cherry tree known for their delicious fruit. When it comes to flavor, Tartarian cherries have a unique and distinctive profile.

The flavor of Tartarian cherries is primarily characterized as being tart, as the name suggests. They have a pleasant acidity that adds a refreshing and tangy taste to the fruit. The tartness is balanced with a subtle sweetness, making them enjoyable to eat.

The cherries have a rich and intense flavor that is often described as bold and vibrant. They offer a delightful combination of tartness and sweetness, creating a well-rounded taste experience. The tartness of the cherries is not overpowering, allowing the sweetness to shine through.

In terms of texture, Tartarian cherries are typically firm and juicy. They have a satisfying crunch when bitten into, followed by a burst of flavorful juice. The flesh of the cherries is tender and succulent, making them enjoyable to eat fresh or use in various culinary applications.

Tartarian cherries are versatile and can be used in a variety of recipes. Their unique flavor profile makes them ideal for making pies, jams, jellies, and other desserts. They can also be enjoyed as a snack on their own or used to garnish salads and cocktails.

Overall, Tartarian cherries offer a delightful balance of tartness and sweetness, with a bold and vibrant flavor. Their firm and juicy texture adds to the overall eating experience, making them a popular choice among cherry enthusiasts.

How to start Tartarian Cherry from seed

Starting Tartarian Cherry trees from seeds can be a bit challenging, as they may not come true to the parent tree and can take several years to bear fruit. However, if you still wish to give it a try, here is a guide on starting Tartarian Cherry trees from seeds:

  1. Seed Collection: Obtain fresh Tartarian Cherry seeds from a reputable source or collect them from ripe, healthy fruits. Make sure the cherries are fully matured before harvesting the seeds.
  2. Seed Preparation: Remove the seeds from the cherries and wash them thoroughly to remove any remaining fruit pulp. Dry the seeds for a few days in a cool, dry place.
  3. Cold Stratification: Tartarian Cherry seeds require a period of cold stratification to break their dormancy. Place the seeds in a plastic bag with a moistened paper towel or sphagnum moss. Seal the bag and refrigerate it for about 90-120 days. This mimics the natural winter conditions the seeds would experience outdoors.
  4. Germination: After the cold stratification period, remove the seeds from the refrigerator and sow them in individual pots or seed trays filled with well-draining potting soil. Plant the seeds about 1 inch deep and cover them lightly with soil.
  5. Moisture and Temperature: Keep the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged. Place the pots or trays in a warm location with temperatures around 70-75°F (21-24°C). You can use a heating mat to maintain a stable temperature if necessary.
  6. Germination Period: Tartarian Cherry seeds can take anywhere from a few weeks to a few months to germinate. Be patient and continue to provide the right conditions for germination.
  7. Transplanting: Once the seedlings have developed a few sets of true leaves and are strong enough to handle, transplant them into larger pots or containers. Use a well-draining soil mix and provide adequate sunlight or grow lights.
  8. Care and Maintenance: As the seedlings grow, continue to provide them with proper care. Water them regularly, ensuring the soil remains moist but not waterlogged. Fertilize with a balanced, slow-release fertilizer according to the package instructions. Prune any weak or damaged growth to encourage strong branching.
  9. Hardening Off and Planting Out: When the seedlings are about 6-8 inches tall and the threat of frost has passed, gradually expose them to outdoor conditions over a period of 1-2 weeks. Start by placing them in a sheltered spot for a few hours a day, gradually increasing the time and exposure to direct sunlight. Once hardened off, transplant the seedlings into their permanent location in well-draining soil with full sun exposure.

Remember, starting Tartarian Cherry trees from seeds can be unpredictable, and the resulting trees may not exhibit the same characteristics as the parent tree. For more reliable and faster results, consider obtaining grafted stock from a reputable nursery or garden center.

When to plant Tartarian Cherry outdoors

The ideal time to plant Tartarian Cherry trees is during the late fall or early spring, when the tree is dormant. This allows the tree to establish its root system before the onset of hot summer temperatures or harsh winter conditions. Planting in the fall gives the tree a head start in the following spring, while planting in early spring allows the tree to take advantage of the cooler temperatures and ample rainfall.

Growing & care guide Tartarian Cherry

Tartarian cherry trees, also known as Prunus avium ‘Tartarian’, are beautiful and productive fruit trees that can thrive in various climates. To ensure their health and maximize fruit production, it is important to follow some best practices for caring for Tartarian cherry trees. Here are some key guidelines:

  1. Planting: Choose a sunny location with well-draining soil for your Tartarian cherry tree. These trees prefer slightly acidic to neutral soil pH levels (around 6.0-7.0). Make sure to dig a hole that is wide and deep enough to accommodate the root system, and plant the tree at the same depth it was in the nursery container.
  2. Watering: Proper watering is crucial for the establishment and growth of Tartarian cherry trees. Water deeply and regularly, especially during dry spells or drought conditions. Aim to provide about 1-2 inches of water per week, either through rainfall or irrigation. Avoid overwatering, as it can lead to root rot and other diseases.
  3. Fertilization: Tartarian cherry trees benefit from regular fertilization to promote healthy growth and fruit production. Apply a balanced, slow-release fertilizer in early spring before new growth begins. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for application rates based on the size and age of your tree. Additionally, consider incorporating organic matter, such as compost or well-rotted manure, into the soil annually to improve its fertility.
  4. Pruning: Pruning is essential for maintaining the shape, size, and overall health of Tartarian cherry trees. It is best to prune during late winter or early spring, before the tree starts to bud. Remove any dead, damaged, or diseased branches, as well as any crossing or rubbing branches. Aim to create an open canopy that allows sunlight to reach all parts of the tree. This helps with air circulation, reducing the risk of diseases.
  5. Pest and Disease Control: Tartarian cherry trees are susceptible to various pests and diseases, including aphids, cherry fruit fly, and brown rot. Regularly inspect your tree for signs of infestation or disease, such as distorted leaves, discolored fruit, or fungal growth. Use organic or chemical controls as needed, following the instructions carefully. Applying dormant oil spray during the dormant season can help control overwintering pests.
  6. Mulching: Apply a layer of organic mulch, such as wood chips or straw, around the base of the tree. Mulching helps retain soil moisture, suppresses weed growth, and regulates soil temperature. However, ensure that the mulch is not piled against the trunk, as it can lead to rot and pest issues.
  7. Harvesting: Tartarian cherries are typically ready for harvest in late spring or early summer, depending on your specific climate. Harvest the cherries when they are fully ripe, which is indicated by their deep red color and firmness. Gently twist or cut the cherries from the stem to avoid damaging the tree.

By following these best practices, you can ensure the health and productivity of your Tartarian cherry tree. Remember to monitor your tree regularly, provide adequate care, and address any issues promptly to enjoy a bountiful harvest of delicious cherries.

Harvesting guide for Tartarian Cherry

Tartarian Cherry, also known as Prunus fruticosa, is a type of cherry tree that produces small, tart cherries. Harvesting Tartarian Cherries requires proper timing and technique to ensure the best flavor and quality. Here’s a guide on when and how to harvest Tartarian Cherries:

  1. Timing: Tartarian Cherries are typically ready for harvest in late spring or early summer, depending on your specific climate and location. The cherries will start to turn from green to a deep red or dark purple color when they are ripe. It’s important to monitor the cherries closely during this time to avoid over-ripening or bird damage.
  2. Visual cues: Look for cherries that have a rich, dark color and a glossy appearance. They should feel firm to the touch but not too hard. Avoid harvesting cherries that are still green or have a pale color, as they are not fully ripe and may lack flavor.
  3. Taste test: To ensure the cherries have reached their desired level of sweetness and tartness, it’s recommended to taste a few cherries before harvesting the entire crop. This will help you determine if they are ready for picking or if they need a little more time to develop their flavor.
  4. Harvesting technique: Gently hold the cherry stem between your thumb and forefinger and twist it slightly. Ripe cherries should detach easily from the tree. Avoid pulling or tugging forcefully, as this can damage the tree or cause the cherries to split. It’s advisable to wear gloves while harvesting to protect your hands from any potential staining.
  5. Harvesting frequency: Tartarian Cherries tend to ripen all at once, so it’s important to be prepared for a short harvesting window. Depending on the size of your tree and the number of cherries, you may need to harvest them in multiple sessions. It’s recommended to check the tree daily once the cherries start to ripen to ensure you don’t miss the optimal harvest time.
  6. Post-harvest care: After harvesting, handle the cherries with care to avoid bruising or damaging them. Place them in shallow containers or baskets to prevent crushing. If you plan to store the cherries, keep them in a cool, dark place or refrigerate them to maintain their freshness for a longer period.

Remember, Tartarian Cherries are known for their tart flavor, so they may not be as sweet as other cherry varieties. However, they are excellent for making jams, jellies, pies, and other culinary creations. Enjoy the fruits of your labor and savor the unique taste of Tartarian Cherries!

Cody Medina
Small Scale Farmer
Hi there! I'm Cody, a staff writer here at The Garden Magazine and a small-scale farmer living in Oregon. I've been gardening most of my life and now live on a quarter-acre farmstead with chickens, ducks, and a big garden.