mazzard cherry flowers

Royal Ann Cherry Planting, Care, & Propagation Guide.

Welcome to the world of cherry tree cultivation! If you’re looking to add a touch of elegance and sweetness to your garden, the Royal Ann Cherry tree is an excellent choice. Known for its large, juicy, and incredibly flavorful fruit, this variety is a favorite among home gardeners and commercial orchardists alike.

With its stunning white blossoms in spring and vibrant foliage in autumn, the Royal Ann Cherry tree is not only a bountiful producer but also a beautiful addition to any landscape. In this article, we will delve into the art of growing Royal Ann Cherries, providing you with all the necessary information and expert tips to ensure a successful and rewarding harvest. So, grab your gardening tools and let’s embark on a journey to cultivate these delectable treasures!

What is a Royal Ann Cherry?

The Royal Ann Cherry, also known as the Napoleon Cherry or Queen Anne Cherry, is a popular variety of sweet cherry tree. It is known for its large, heart-shaped fruit with a bright yellow skin and a blush of red. The flesh is firm, juicy, and pale yellow, with a sweet and tangy flavor. Royal Ann cherries are often used for fresh eating, baking, canning, and making preserves.

The tree itself is medium-sized, with a spreading growth habit and beautiful white blossoms in the spring. It requires a pollinator, such as the Bing or Black Tartarian cherry tree, to produce fruit. Royal Ann cherries are typically harvested in early to mid-summer, making them a delightful addition to any home orchard or garden.

What does Royal Ann Cherry taste like?

Royal Ann cherries, also known as Napoleon cherries or Queen Anne cherries, have a distinct and delightful flavor profile. These cherries are known for their sweet and tangy taste, making them a popular choice for both fresh consumption and culinary purposes.

The flavor of Royal Ann cherries is characterized by its balanced sweetness and slight tartness. The sweetness is often described as rich and luscious, with a hint of honey-like notes. This sweetness is complemented by a subtle tanginess that adds depth and complexity to the overall flavor.

When biting into a ripe Royal Ann cherry, you may experience a burst of juicy sweetness that is refreshing and satisfying. The flesh of these cherries is typically firm and succulent, providing a pleasant texture that enhances the overall taste experience.

The flavor profile of Royal Ann cherries is often compared to that of a classic Bing cherry, but with a touch more acidity. This acidity gives the cherries a bright and lively taste, making them a versatile fruit for various culinary applications.

Due to their exceptional flavor, Royal Ann cherries are highly sought after for making preserves, pies, tarts, and other baked goods. Their sweet-tart taste adds a delightful contrast to desserts and can also be used to create flavorful sauces or glazes for savory dishes.

Overall, the flavor profile of Royal Ann cherries is a harmonious blend of sweetness and tanginess, making them a delectable choice for both fresh eating and cooking.

How to start Royal Ann Cherry from seed

Starting Royal Ann Cherry trees from seeds can be a bit challenging as they may not come true to type. Royal Ann Cherries are typically propagated through grafting to ensure the desired characteristics of the tree and fruit. However, if you still want to try growing them from seeds, here is a guide to get you started:

  1. Seed Selection: Obtain fresh Royal Ann Cherry seeds from a reputable source. Ensure that the seeds are fully ripe and have been properly stored.
  2. Cold Stratification: Royal Ann Cherry seeds require a period of cold stratification to break their dormancy. Place the seeds in a plastic bag with a moistened paper towel or peat moss. Seal the bag and refrigerate it for about 90 to 120 days. This mimics the natural winter conditions the seeds would experience outdoors.
  3. Germination: After the cold stratification period, remove the seeds from the refrigerator and sow them in individual pots or seed trays filled with well-draining potting soil. Plant the seeds about 1 inch deep and cover them lightly with soil.
  4. Warmth and Moisture: Place the pots or trays in a warm location with a temperature around 70°F (21°C). Keep the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged. You can cover the containers with plastic wrap or use a propagator to maintain humidity.
  5. Germination Period: Royal Ann Cherry seeds can take anywhere from 2 to 8 weeks to germinate. Be patient and continue to provide the necessary conditions for germination.
  6. Transplanting: Once the seedlings have developed a few sets of true leaves and are strong enough to handle, transplant them into larger pots or containers. Use a well-draining soil mix and provide adequate space for the roots to grow.
  7. Care and Maintenance: Place the young trees in a sunny location that receives at least 6 to 8 hours of direct sunlight daily. Water the trees regularly, keeping the soil evenly moist but not waterlogged. Fertilize with a balanced organic fertilizer according to the manufacturer’s instructions.
  8. Hardening Off: Before planting the young trees outdoors, gradually expose them to outdoor conditions over a period of 1 to 2 weeks. Start by placing them in a sheltered location for a few hours a day, gradually increasing the time and exposure to direct sunlight.
  9. Planting Outdoors: Choose a well-drained location in your garden with full sun exposure. Dig a hole slightly larger than the root ball of the young tree. Gently remove the tree from its container, place it in the hole, and backfill with soil. Water thoroughly after planting.
  10. Ongoing Care: Regularly water the tree during the growing season, especially during dry periods. Mulch around the base of the tree to conserve moisture and suppress weed growth. Prune the tree in late winter or early spring to shape it and remove any dead or diseased branches.

Remember that growing Royal Ann Cherry trees from seeds may result in variations in fruit quality and characteristics. For the best results and to ensure the desired traits, it is recommended to obtain grafted trees from a reputable nursery.

When to plant Royal Ann Cherry outdoors

The ideal time to plant Royal Ann cherry trees is in late winter or early spring, before the tree breaks dormancy. This is typically between February and April, depending on your specific climate and region. Planting during this time allows the tree to establish its root system before the onset of hot summer weather.

Growing & care guide

Caring for Royal Ann Cherry trees requires attention to several key aspects, including proper planting, watering, fertilizing, pruning, and pest control. Here are some best practices to ensure the health and productivity of your Royal Ann Cherry tree:

  • Choose a sunny location with well-drained soil. Royal Ann Cherry trees thrive in full sun, receiving at least 6-8 hours of direct sunlight daily.
  • Ensure the soil pH is between 6.0 and 7.5, as cherries prefer slightly acidic to neutral soil.
  • Dig a hole that is wide and deep enough to accommodate the root system of the tree. Make sure the graft union (the swollen area where the tree was grafted onto the rootstock) is above the soil level.
  • Backfill the hole with a mixture of native soil and organic matter, such as compost or well-rotted manure, to improve soil fertility and drainage.
  • Provide regular and consistent watering, especially during dry spells or hot summer months. Deep watering is essential to encourage deep root growth.
  • Water the tree deeply, ensuring the water reaches the root zone. Avoid frequent shallow watering, as it can lead to weak root development.
  • Use a drip irrigation system or soaker hose to deliver water directly to the root zone, minimizing water loss through evaporation.
  • Apply a balanced fertilizer, such as a 10-10-10 or 14-14-14 formula, in early spring before new growth begins.
  • Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for application rates based on the size and age of your tree.
  • Avoid over-fertilizing, as excessive nitrogen can promote excessive vegetative growth at the expense of fruit production.
  • Prune your Royal Ann Cherry tree during the dormant season, preferably in late winter or early spring before bud break.
  • Remove any dead, damaged, or diseased branches.
  • Thin out crowded branches to improve air circulation and light penetration, reducing the risk of fungal diseases.
  • Maintain an open center or modified central leader shape to allow sunlight to reach all parts of the tree.
  • Monitor your tree regularly for signs of pests, such as aphids, cherry fruit flies, or cherry slug sawflies.
  • Use organic or chemical insecticides as necessary, following the instructions carefully.
  • Consider using physical barriers, like netting, to protect the fruit from birds and other animals.
  • Royal Ann Cherries are ready for harvest when they turn a bright yellow color with a slight blush of red.
  • Gently twist or cut the cherries from the tree, being careful not to damage the fruit or branches.
  • Harvest cherries in the morning when they are cool to maximize their shelf life.

By following these best practices, you can ensure the successful growth and productivity of your Royal Ann Cherry tree, providing you with delicious cherries for years to come.

Harvesting guide

Royal Ann cherries, also known as Napoleon cherries, are a popular variety of sweet cherries. Harvesting these cherries at the right time is crucial to ensure optimal flavor and texture. Here’s a guide on when and how to harvest Royal Ann cherries:

  1. Timing: Royal Ann cherries are typically ready for harvest in late spring or early summer, depending on your specific climate and location. The cherries should be fully ripe, which is indicated by their color, size, and taste.
  2. Color: When the cherries are ready for harvest, they should have a bright yellow or golden color. Avoid picking them when they are still green or pale yellow, as they won’t have developed their full sweetness.
  3. Size: Royal Ann cherries are relatively large, measuring about 1 inch in diameter. Wait until the cherries have reached their full size before harvesting.
  4. Taste: The best way to determine if the cherries are ready for harvest is by tasting them. Pick a few cherries and sample their flavor. They should be sweet, juicy, and have a rich, tart undertone. If they taste slightly sour or underripe, give them a few more days before harvesting.
  5. Harvesting: To harvest Royal Ann cherries, gently twist or pull the fruit from the stem. Be careful not to damage the cherries or the tree branches. It’s advisable to wear gloves to protect your hands from any potential staining caused by the cherry juice.
  6. Harvesting in stages: Royal Ann cherries do not ripen all at once, so it’s best to harvest them in stages. Begin by picking the ripest cherries, leaving the slightly underripe ones on the tree. Check the tree every few days and continue harvesting as the remaining cherries ripen.
  7. Storage: After harvesting, it’s essential to handle the cherries with care to prevent bruising. Place them in a shallow container or basket, making sure not to stack them too high. Store the cherries in a cool location, such as the refrigerator, to maintain their freshness. They can last for up to a week when properly stored.

Remember, Royal Ann cherries are highly perishable, so it’s best to consume or preserve them as soon as possible after harvesting. Enjoy these delicious cherries fresh, or use them in recipes like pies, jams, or preserves.

Cody Medina
Small Scale Farmer
Hi there! I'm Cody, a staff writer here at The Garden Magazine and a small-scale farmer living in Oregon. I've been gardening most of my life and now live on a quarter-acre farmstead with chickens, ducks, and a big garden.