Welcome to the world of cherry tree cultivation! If you’re a fan of sweet and juicy cherries, then the Early Burlat variety is a must-have in your garden. Known for its early ripening and delectable flavor, the Early Burlat cherry tree is a favorite among home gardeners and orchard enthusiasts alike. In this article, we will delve into the fascinating world of growing Early Burlat cherries, exploring everything from the ideal growing conditions to proper care and maintenance.
Whether you’re a seasoned gardener or a beginner, this comprehensive guide will equip you with the knowledge and skills needed to successfully cultivate your very own Early Burlat cherry tree, ensuring a bountiful harvest of these delightful fruits for years to come. So, let’s get started and embark on this cherry-growing adventure together!
What are Early Burlat Cherry?
Early Burlat Cherry is a popular variety of cherry tree known for its early ripening and delicious fruit. It is a self-fertile tree, meaning it does not require another cherry tree for pollination. The cherries produced by Early Burlat are medium-sized, with a bright red skin and juicy, sweet flesh. This variety is highly prized for its exceptional flavor, making it a favorite among cherry enthusiasts.
Early Burlat Cherry trees are also known for their vigorous growth and can reach a height of 15 to 20 feet. They are relatively easy to care for and can be grown in a variety of climates, making them a great choice for home gardeners and orchard growers alike.
What do Early Burlat Cherry taste like?
The Early Burlat cherry is known for its exceptional flavor profile. It has a sweet and slightly tart taste, making it a perfect balance of flavors. The initial bite reveals a burst of sweetness, followed by a subtle tanginess that adds depth to the overall taste. The sweetness is reminiscent of ripe berries, with hints of cherry and plum flavors. The tartness adds a refreshing and lively note, enhancing the overall eating experience. The combination of these flavors creates a delightful and well-rounded taste that is highly enjoyable.
How to start Early Burlat Cherry from seed
Starting Early Burlat Cherry trees can be a rewarding experience for any gardening enthusiast. Here is a step-by-step guide to help you successfully grow Early Burlat Cherry trees:
- Early Burlat Cherry trees thrive in temperate climates with cold winters and mild summers.
- Choose a location that receives full sun exposure for at least 6-8 hours a day.
- Ensure the soil is well-draining and rich in organic matter.
- Purchase a grafted Early Burlat Cherry tree from a reputable nursery or garden center.
- Grafted trees are preferred as they have a stronger root system and are more disease-resistant.
- Look for a healthy tree with a straight trunk and well-developed branches.
- Dig a hole that is wide and deep enough to accommodate the root ball of the tree.
- Gently remove the tree from its container and place it in the hole.
- Ensure that the graft union (the swollen area where the scion and rootstock meet) is above the soil level.
- Backfill the hole with the excavated soil, gently firming it around the roots.
- Water the tree thoroughly to settle the soil.
- Early Burlat Cherry trees require regular watering, especially during the first few years of growth.
- Water deeply once or twice a week, ensuring the soil remains consistently moist but not waterlogged.
- Adjust the watering frequency based on weather conditions, ensuring the tree never dries out completely.
- Apply a balanced, slow-release fertilizer in early spring before new growth begins.
- Follow the manufacturer’s instructions regarding the dosage and application method.
- Avoid over-fertilizing, as it can lead to excessive vegetative growth and reduced fruit production.
- Prune Early Burlat Cherry trees during the dormant season (late winter or early spring) to shape the tree and promote airflow.
- Remove any dead, damaged, or crossing branches.
- Maintain an open center or modified central leader shape to allow sunlight to reach all parts of the tree.
- Monitor the tree regularly for common cherry pests like aphids, cherry fruit flies, and cherry slugs.
- Use organic pest control methods or consult with a local garden center for appropriate insecticides if necessary.
- Prevent diseases like cherry leaf spot and brown rot by ensuring good air circulation, avoiding overhead watering, and promptly removing any infected plant material.
- Early Burlat Cherries are typically ready for harvest in late spring or early summer, usually around 60-70 days after full bloom.
- Harvest the cherries when they are fully ripe, firm, and have a deep red color.
- Gently twist or cut the cherries from the tree, being careful not to damage the branches or buds.
By following these guidelines, you can successfully start and grow Early Burlat Cherry trees, enjoying their delicious fruits for years to come. Remember to provide proper care and attention to ensure the health and productivity of your cherry tree.
When to plant Early Burlat Cherry outdoors
The ideal time to plant Early Burlat cherry trees is in late winter or early spring, before the tree begins to break dormancy. This is typically between February and April, depending on your specific climate and region. Planting during this time allows the tree to establish its root system before the onset of hot summer temperatures.
Growing & care guide
Early Burlat cherries are a popular variety known for their early ripening and delicious flavor. To ensure the health and productivity of your Early Burlat cherry tree, it is important to follow some best practices for care. Here are some guidelines to help you successfully grow and maintain your Early Burlat cherry tree:
- Planting: Choose a location that receives full sun for at least six to eight hours a day. The soil should be well-draining and rich in organic matter. Early Burlat cherries prefer slightly acidic soil with a pH level between 6.0 and 6.8. Dig a hole that is wide and deep enough to accommodate the root ball of the tree, and ensure that the graft union is above the soil line when planting.
- Watering: Proper watering is crucial for the establishment and growth of your cherry tree. Water deeply and thoroughly, ensuring that the soil is evenly moist but not waterlogged. During the first year, water the tree regularly, especially during dry spells. Once established, cherry trees are moderately drought-tolerant, but they still require regular watering, especially during fruit development.
- Fertilizing: Early Burlat cherries benefit from regular fertilization to promote healthy growth and fruit production. Apply a balanced, slow-release fertilizer in early spring before new growth begins. Avoid using excessive amounts of nitrogen, as it can lead to excessive vegetative growth at the expense of fruit production. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for application rates and timing.
- Pruning: Pruning is essential for maintaining the shape, size, and overall health of your Early Burlat cherry tree. Prune during late winter or early spring when the tree is dormant. Remove any dead, damaged, or diseased branches. Thin out crowded branches to improve air circulation and sunlight penetration. Additionally, prune to maintain an open center or vase-shaped structure, which allows for better light penetration and reduces the risk of disease.
- Pest and Disease Management: Early Burlat cherries are susceptible to various pests and diseases, including cherry fruit fly, aphids, brown rot, and powdery mildew. Regularly inspect your tree for signs of infestation or disease. Use organic or chemical controls as necessary, following the instructions carefully. Applying dormant oil spray during the dormant season can help control overwintering pests and their eggs.
- Harvesting: Early Burlat cherries are typically ready for harvest in late spring or early summer, usually around 60-70 days after full bloom. Harvest the cherries when they are fully ripe, firm, and have developed their characteristic red color. Be gentle when picking to avoid damaging the fruit or the tree. It is advisable to harvest cherries in the morning when they are cool and less prone to bruising.
By following these best practices, you can ensure the health, productivity, and longevity of your Early Burlat cherry tree. With proper care, you will be rewarded with a bountiful harvest of delicious cherries year after year.
Early Burlat cherry trees typically produce ripe fruit in late spring or early summer, usually around May or June, depending on the specific climate and growing conditions. To determine the optimal time for harvesting, there are a few key indicators to look for:
- Color: Early Burlat cherries start off green and gradually turn bright red as they ripen. When the cherries have a deep, uniform red color, they are likely ready for harvest.
- Firmness: Gently squeeze a few cherries to assess their firmness. Ripe cherries should be plump and have a slight give when pressed. If they are too soft or mushy, they may be overripe.
- Taste: Taste-test a few cherries to ensure they have reached the desired level of sweetness. Early Burlat cherries are known for their juicy, sweet flavor. If they taste slightly tart or underripe, it may be best to wait a few more days before harvesting the entire crop.
When it comes to harvesting Early Burlat cherries, it is advisable to use a pair of sharp pruning shears or scissors to cut the cherries from the tree. This method helps prevent damage to the fruit and the tree itself. Hold the cherry gently to avoid squeezing or bruising it, then snip the stem about half an inch above the cherry.
It is important to harvest cherries carefully and avoid pulling or twisting them off the tree, as this can harm the branches and potentially lead to disease or pests. Additionally, be sure to handle the cherries with care to prevent bruising or damaging the delicate fruit.
After harvesting, it is recommended to store Early Burlat cherries in a cool place, ideally in the refrigerator, to maintain their freshness and extend their shelf life. They can be enjoyed fresh, used in various culinary preparations, or preserved through freezing, canning, or making jams and preserves.
Remember, cherry trees require proper care and maintenance throughout the year to ensure healthy growth and abundant fruit production. Regular pruning, watering, and fertilizing are essential to support the tree’s overall health and maximize the yield of delicious cherries.