mazzard cherry flowers

Black Tartarian Cherry Planting, Care, & Propagation Guide.

Welcome to the world of Black Tartarian Cherry trees, where the beauty of their dark, luscious fruits meets the joy of cultivating your very own orchard. As a gardening expert, I am thrilled to share with you the secrets and techniques to successfully grow these magnificent trees. The Black Tartarian Cherry, known for its sweet and juicy flavor, is a favorite among cherry enthusiasts.

Whether you are a seasoned gardener or a beginner, this article will guide you through the process of planting, caring for, and harvesting Black Tartarian Cherry trees, ensuring a bountiful harvest and a delightful addition to your garden or orchard. So, let’s dive in and discover the wonders of growing Black Tartarian Cherry trees together!

What are Black Tartarian Cherry?

Black Tartarian Cherry is a popular variety of sweet cherry tree known for its delicious, dark-colored fruit. It is a self-fertile tree, meaning it does not require cross-pollination from another cherry tree to produce fruit. The cherries are large, heart-shaped, and have a deep blackish-red skin that is almost black when fully ripe. The flesh is firm, juicy, and sweet, making it perfect for fresh eating or for use in various culinary applications, such as pies, jams, and preserves.

Black Tartarian Cherry trees are vigorous growers and can reach a height of 20 to 30 feet when fully mature. They are also known for their beautiful pinkish-white blossoms in the spring, adding ornamental value to any garden or landscape. These trees prefer full sun and well-drained soil, and they are relatively low-maintenance, making them a popular choice for home gardeners and orchard growers alike.

What do Black Tartarian Cherry taste like?

Black Tartarian cherries have a rich and sweet flavor profile that is highly sought after by cherry enthusiasts. The taste is often described as luscious, with a perfect balance between sweetness and tartness. The cherries have a deep, dark red color and a juicy, tender flesh that melts in your mouth.

The flavor of Black Tartarian cherries can be compared to a combination of blackberries and cherries, with a hint of sweetness similar to dark chocolate. The sweetness is not overpowering, allowing the natural tartness to shine through, giving the cherries a refreshing and tangy note.

These cherries have a complex flavor profile, with subtle undertones of vanilla and almond. The sweetness is complemented by a slight acidity, creating a well-rounded taste that is both satisfying and addictive. The balance of flavors makes Black Tartarian cherries perfect for eating fresh, as well as for use in various culinary applications such as pies, jams, and desserts.

Overall, the flavor profile of Black Tartarian cherries is a delightful combination of sweetness, tartness, and complexity that makes them a favorite among cherry connoisseurs.

How to start Black Tartarian Cherry from seed

Starting a Black Tartarian Cherry tree from scratch can be a rewarding and fulfilling experience. Here is a step-by-step guide to help you successfully grow a Black Tartarian Cherry tree:

  1. Choosing the Right Location: Select a location that receives full sunlight for at least 6-8 hours a day. The soil should be well-draining, fertile, and slightly acidic with a pH level between 6.0 and 7.0.
  2. Obtaining Seeds or Graft Stock: While grafting is the preferred method for growing fruit trees, including Black Tartarian Cherry, you can also start from seeds. However, keep in mind that growing from seeds may result in variations in fruit quality and characteristics. If possible, try to obtain graft stock from a reputable nursery or garden center to ensure the tree’s quality and productivity.
  3. Stratification (For Seeds Only): If you decide to grow from seeds, stratification is necessary to break the seed’s dormancy. Place the seeds in a moist paper towel or peat moss, seal them in a plastic bag, and refrigerate for 60-90 days. This process simulates winter conditions and prepares the seeds for germination.
  4. Preparing the Planting Hole: Dig a hole that is twice as wide and deep as the root ball or graft union. Loosen the soil in the hole and mix in organic matter like compost or well-rotted manure to improve soil fertility and drainage.
  5. Planting the Tree: If using graft stock, ensure that the graft union is above the soil level when planting. Place the tree in the hole, spread the roots gently, and backfill with the amended soil. Tamp the soil lightly to remove air pockets and create a slight basin around the tree to retain water.
  6. Watering and Mulching: After planting, water the tree thoroughly to settle the soil around the roots. Apply a layer of organic mulch, such as wood chips or straw, around the base of the tree, leaving a gap around the trunk to prevent moisture-related diseases.
  7. Pruning and Training: Prune the tree during the dormant season to remove any damaged or crossing branches. Shape the tree by selecting a central leader and removing competing branches. This will help establish a strong framework for future growth.
  8. Fertilizing: Apply a balanced fertilizer in early spring and again in late spring or early summer to provide essential nutrients for healthy growth. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for application rates.
  9. Watering and Maintenance: Keep the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged, especially during the tree’s first year. Regularly check for pests, diseases, and signs of stress, and take appropriate action if necessary.
  10. Harvesting: Black Tartarian Cherries typically ripen in late spring or early summer. Harvest the cherries when they are fully ripe, as they do not continue to ripen after picking. Enjoy the delicious fruits fresh or use them for various culinary purposes.

Remember, growing a Black Tartarian Cherry tree requires patience and care. Regular maintenance, including watering, fertilizing, and pruning, will help ensure a healthy and productive tree for years to come.

When to plant Black Tartarian Cherry outdoors

The ideal time to plant Black Tartarian Cherry trees is during the late winter or early spring, before the tree starts to break dormancy. This is typically between February and April, depending on your specific climate and location. Planting during this time allows the tree to establish its roots before the warmer months when it will start to actively grow and produce fruit.

Growing & care guide

Caring for Black Tartarian Cherry trees requires attention to several key aspects, including proper planting, watering, fertilizing, pruning, and pest control. Here are some best practices to ensure the health and productivity of your Black Tartarian Cherry tree:

  1. Planting: Choose a location that receives full sun for at least six to eight hours a day. The soil should be well-draining, rich in organic matter, and slightly acidic with a pH level between 6.0 and 7.0. Dig a hole that is wide and deep enough to accommodate the root system of the tree. Place the tree in the hole, ensuring that the bud union (the swollen area where the tree was grafted onto the rootstock) is above the soil level. Backfill the hole with soil, gently firming it around the roots.
  2. Watering: Proper watering is crucial for the establishment and growth of Black Tartarian Cherry trees. Water deeply and thoroughly, ensuring that the soil is moist but not waterlogged. During the growing season, provide about 1-2 inches of water per week, either through rainfall or irrigation. Increase watering during hot and dry periods. Avoid overhead watering, as it can promote the spread of fungal diseases. Instead, use a drip irrigation system or water at the base of the tree.
  3. Fertilizing: Black Tartarian Cherry trees benefit from regular fertilization to support healthy growth and fruit production. Apply a balanced, slow-release fertilizer in early spring before new growth begins. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for application rates. Additionally, consider incorporating organic matter, such as compost or well-rotted manure, into the soil around the tree annually to improve soil fertility.
  4. Pruning: Pruning helps maintain the shape of the tree, promotes air circulation, and encourages fruit production. Prune Black Tartarian Cherry trees during the dormant season, preferably in late winter or early spring before bud break. Remove any dead, damaged, or diseased branches. Thin out crowded branches to allow sunlight to reach the inner parts of the tree. Prune to create an open center or modified central leader shape, which helps with light penetration and reduces the risk of disease. Avoid heavy pruning, as it can reduce fruiting.
  5. Pest Control: Black Tartarian Cherry trees are susceptible to various pests, including aphids, cherry fruit flies, and cherry slugworms. Regularly inspect your tree for signs of infestation, such as curled leaves, distorted growth, or damaged fruit. Use organic or chemical insecticides as necessary, following the instructions carefully. Encourage beneficial insects, such as ladybugs and lacewings, which feed on pests, by planting companion plants like dill, yarrow, or marigolds nearby.
  6. Disease Management: Black Tartarian Cherry trees can be affected by diseases like brown rot, cherry leaf spot, and powdery mildew. To prevent these diseases, ensure good air circulation around the tree by proper pruning and spacing. Remove and destroy any fallen leaves or fruit, as they can harbor fungal spores. Apply appropriate fungicides during the growing season as a preventive measure, following the instructions provided.

Remember, each cherry tree is unique, and factors such as climate, soil conditions, and local pests may require slight adjustments to these best practices. Regular observation and care will help you identify and address any specific needs of your Black Tartarian Cherry tree, ensuring its long-term health and productivity.

Harvesting Guide

The Black Tartarian Cherry is a popular variety known for its sweet and juicy dark red fruit. Harvesting the cherries at the right time is crucial to ensure optimal flavor and texture. Here’s a step-by-step guide on when and how to harvest Black Tartarian Cherries:

  1. Timing: Black Tartarian Cherries typically ripen in late spring to early summer, depending on your specific location and climate. The cherries are ready for harvest when they have reached their full size, turned a deep, almost black color, and are slightly soft to the touch. Taste-testing a few cherries can also help determine their sweetness and flavor.
  2. Equipment: Before harvesting, gather the necessary equipment, including a pair of sharp pruning shears or scissors, a clean and sturdy container, and gloves to protect your hands from any thorns or prickles.
  3. Harvesting: Approach the tree carefully and gently to avoid damaging the branches or knocking off any unripe cherries. Look for clusters of ripe cherries and cut the stems about half an inch above the fruit using the pruning shears. Alternatively, you can gently twist the cherries off the stems if they come off easily.
  4. Handling: Handle the cherries with care to prevent bruising or crushing. Place them directly into the container, ensuring that it is clean and free from any contaminants. Avoid overfilling the container, as it may cause the cherries to get squished.
  5. Storage: Once harvested, it’s best to consume or process the cherries as soon as possible to enjoy their peak freshness. If you need to store them, place the container in the refrigerator to help maintain their quality for a few days. To extend their shelf life further, you can also freeze the cherries by spreading them out on a baking sheet, freezing them until firm, and then transferring them to a freezer-safe bag or container.

Remember, cherries are delicate fruits, so handle them gently during the harvesting process to avoid any damage. Enjoy the delicious Black Tartarian Cherries fresh, use them in various culinary creations, or preserve them for future use in jams, pies, or other recipes.

Cody Medina
Small Scale Farmer
Hi there! I'm Cody, a staff writer here at The Garden Magazine and a small-scale farmer living in Oregon. I've been gardening most of my life and now live on a quarter-acre farmstead with chickens, ducks, and a big garden.